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Transnational Issues in Peru

Disputes – International

Chile and Ecuador rejected Peru's November 2005 unilateral legislation to shift the axis of their joint treaty-defined maritime boundaries along the parallels of latitude to equidistant lines which favour Peru. Organised illegal narcotics operations in Colombia have penetrated Peru's shared border. Peru rejects Bolivia's claim to restore maritime access through a sovereign corridor through Chile along the Peruvian border.

Refugees & Internally Displaced People (IDPs)

In 2011, there are around 150,000 (civil war from 1980-2000) IDPs and most of them are indigenous peasants in Andean and Amazonian regions.

Illicit Drugs

Up until 1996, Peru was the world's largest coca leaf producer. Peru is now the world's second largest producer of coca leaf, though it lags far behind Colombia. Cultivation of coca in Peru rose to 37,000 hectares in 2006.

Peru is the second largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 245 metric tons potential pure cocaine in 2006. Finished cocaine is shipped out from Pacific ports to the international drug market. Increasing amounts of base and finished cocaine, however, are being moved to Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Bolivia for use in the Southern Cone or trans-shipment to Europe and Africa. Domestic drug consumption in Peru is also on the rise.





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