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Military in Peru


The Peruvian Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas del Perú) are the military services of Peru, comprising the Army, Navy and Air Force components. Their primary mission is to safeguard the country's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity against any threat. As a secondary mission they participate in economic and social development as well as in civil defence tasks.

The Peruvian Army (Ejército del Perú), headquartered in Lima, has a strength of 75,000 troops divided in four military regions with headquarters in Piura, Lima, Arequipa and Iquitos. Every military region assigned several brigades of which there are different types, including infantry, cavalry and armoured. There are also several groups and battalions which operate independently.

Peruvian Navy (Marina de Guerra del Perú) is organised in five naval zones headquartered in Piura, Lima, Arequipa, Iquitos and Pucallpa. It has a strength of around 25,000 troops divided between the Pacific Operations and the Amazon Operations General Commands and the Coast Guard.

The Peruvian Air Force (Fuerza Aérea del Perú) is divided into six wing areas, headquartered in Piura, Chiclayo, Lima, Arequipa, Rioja and Iquitos. It is tasked with defending the nation and its interests through the use of air power. Additional missions include assistance in safeguarding internal security, conducting disaster relief operations and participating in international peacekeeping operations.

The National Police of Peru is often classified as a part of the armed forces, although in fact it has a different organisation and a wholly civil mission, however, its training and activities over more than two decades as an anti-terrorist force has produced markedly military characteristics, appearing as a virtual fourth military service with significant land, sea and air capabilities and approximately 140,000 personnel. The Peruvian Armed Forces report through the Ministry of Defence, while the National Police of Peru, through the Ministry of Interior.


Military branches : Peruvian Army (Ejercito Peruano), Peruvian Navy (Marina de Guerra del Peru, MGP; includes naval air, naval infantry, and Coast Guard), Air Force of Peru (Fuerza Aerea del Peru, FAP) (2013)
Military service age and obligation : 18-50 years of age for male and 18-45 years of age for female voluntary military service; no conscription (2012)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 7,385,588

females age 16-49: 7,727,623 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service : males age 16-49: 5,788,629

females age 16-49: 6,565,097 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 304,094

female: 298,447 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : 1.28% of GDP (2012)






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